Thursday, December 26, 2013

How Do Banks Decide on Your Loan Eligibility?

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When you apply for a loan whether it is a personal, housing or mortgage loan, the first and foremost aspect banks look at, is your ability to repay. Although, there are other specific criteria to be fulfilled by every applicant, the following are the basic points or rather calculations based on which your loan eligibility is determined.

It is not all that difficult to understand how these calculations are arrived at, in fact if you are able to work it out on your own then you can find out what will be the maximum loan you can avail, irrespective of which bank you apply to.

1) IIR- Installment to Income Ratio

Banks understand that your loan value should not exceed your repaying capacity. This ratio is 33.33% to 40% of your monthly income. Using the IIR, how much you can borrow as well as repay will be decided by the bank.

For instance if you earn Rs.50,000 per month, then your IIR is Rs.16,500. That is, the maximum emi payable by you is not more than 16,500 per month. This determines your maximum loan amount, and will vary depending on the tenure you choose.

2) FOIR- Fixed Obligations to Income Ratio

This is perhaps the more popular calculation, the banks go by. The Fixed Obligations to Income ratio helps in determining if the applicant has any other loans he is repaying, while he applies for a new loan. Those loans which require more than 6 installments to be paid are the ones considered for FOIR. Let us see how it is done;

For instance, if your income is Rs.75,000 per month, and you have an auto loan running for which you are paying an emi of Rs.5000 and another personal loan of Rs.7500 per month. Considering that 50% of your income can be paid towards your loans,

We have,

50% of 75000 = Rs.37,500

Auto Loan Emi = Rs.5000

Personal Loan Emi= Rs.7500

So, your disposable income for this fresh loan is:

37,500 - 5000 - 7500 = Rs.25,000

Although FOIR is mainly a ratio, you need to look out for the value mentioned above. This will help decide how much you can afford to pay as monthly installment despite paying your other emis.

3) LTC or LTV - Loan to Cost or Loan to Value Ratio

This ratio is most often used for calculating an applicant's ability to repay a housing or a mortgage loan. Here, rather than an applicant's income, the property's value is taken into consideration. Around 60 to 70% of the value of the property is used to determine the maximum borrowable loan amount.

For instance, if the value of your property is Rs.1 Crore. Then the maximum loan amount you can avail based on your property would be Rs. 50 to Rs.60 lakhs. Of course, when it comes to determining your repaying capacity, your income will definitely be considered. The LTV ratio varies depending on whether all the aspects of the property is proper or not. Sometimes, even 80% of value is provided as funding depending on the application.

Most banks consider up to 60% of an individual's income can be paid towards monthly installments. However, it is always advisable to keep this percentage down to 40%. You don't want to seem too credit hungry when you go ahead with applying for a new loan. Every loan you pay or don't pay is recorded, and is made as a part of your credit information report. Your credit score is also based on it, and is one of the key factors for your loan to get approved.

Priya is a financial consultant with RupeeZone, visit http://www.noproblemcash.com/ you will find a whole lot of details on personal loans and how to make yourself eligible for easily availing one.

To check your personal loan eligibility visit  http://www.noproblemcash.com/?c=214594

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